Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Cosmetics and perfumes of Yemen' women. Part 2

In Yemen, the distinction between married and unmarried women is very important. The general rule is that the unmarried do not use cosmetics, in special cases may only be a coloring. But married women should not use cosmetics if the spouse is away or died, as well as in large families where the woman, although it may appear to Devereux with an open face, but he should not see her makeup. The paint and fragrances can be used only in the presence of her husband and immediate family members, as well as in the presence of other women.

After the wedding titivation using cosmetics, perfumes, appropriate clothing and jewelry are not only permitted but is even considered necessary, if a woman wants to remain desirable for a husband. That is, on the one hand, part of the marital debt, an expression of love and respect for her husband and their self-worth, and with another - symbolized the status of married women. Fawn Brook tells how once in the ladies' society, she showed her friend the Yemeni woman, newly married. The woman studied at Oxford and dressed simply, according to European fashion. Yemen friend commented briefly on the situation: "My husband would soon divorce her."

Function colors and flavors is primarily to stimulate sexual activity of her husband. Most often, sexual activity increases the aromatic substances of animal origin. A cosmetic cream and means for fumigation are used mainly on Thursdays and before the holidays, ie before the holidays, when the couple go to bed together, or when her husband returns from his trip.

Cosmetics in any case not intended to draw attention to themselves strangers in the street. If a woman is going to walk in the afternoon meeting, it should not use perfume. When her hands wearing makeup, she wears gloves. In addition to the family circle, afternoon meeting, women are more able - or even a public duty - to use and to demonstrate "means of beauty." Here, firstly, should include daily visits to relatives, girlfriends and neighbors, which occur mainly in the afternoon to evening prayer. Even more important in our context are visits during religious or family celebrations, such as birth, circumcision, marriage, the return of the pilgrimage. Those and other visits are often made without warning, especially if there is no phone.

In this case, and the hostess, and visitor has a role. Along with the use of spirits, fumigation is, above all, a part of the greeting ritual. "Odors are an essential part of hospitality: it is believed that they contribute to creating a very relaxed atmosphere" (Meneley A. Tournaments of Value. Sociability and Hierarchy in Yemeni Town. Toronto, 1996). Compliance with all customs hostess has the honor to their guests.

Similarly, the visitor, using cosmetics, shows his respect for the hostess. The coloring of ink from the bile is an expression of close relations between the parties. Each new incoming visitor carefully scanning the present and evaluated. Evaluated as the observance of common rules, and originality of women, the use of her own recipes and, of course, its material capabilities, which are also demonstrated in this case. The coloring of the body, the use of spirits and funds for fumigation reflect the social status of women. They pay attention to no less than on clothing and jewelry, discuss them and asks: "Who made your coloring?", "Where to buy the means for fumigation?", "How much does it cost?" etc.

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